Viral Hives

It is usually caused by allergic reactions; however, there are many non-allergic causes. Caused by the Strep bacteria. Measles (viral infection). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. They may appear in the form of welts, red blotches, or. One of the symptoms that may occur is a rash. She doesn't sleep well and eats very little. You need to ask your GP. Red or pink rashes are called erythematous rashes. Everyone knows about this viral rash. Urticaria - also known as hives, weals, welts or nettle rash - is a raised, itchy rash that appears on the skin. Within 6 months after transplantation in 15% of the patient, a herpes zoster infection (VZV) has been documented. On 9/20/04 I developed a cold/virus. Introduction. Skin disorders affect people of all ages. Unilateral laterothoracic exanthem (ULE) is a puzzling rash that I have only seen a few times. Podcast: Play in new window | Download Exanthem – widespread rash. This year again I was sick and now i am feeling better but getting hives again. I only know thatthe two are too close relatives. Here are all the Viral infection that causes a painful rash answers. A neck rash can be brought on by an infection including: Bacterial infection. My 15 mo gets hives sometimes - not sure from what exactly - and when they flare up we give her antihistamines prescribed by her paediatrician. Type 508 Accommodation and the title of the report in the subject line of e-mail. It may appear on one part of the body or be spread across large areas. What is a viral rash? The symptoms caused by viral infections can vary depending upon the virus. Many of the diseases. Abstract Exanthems/rashes are common in childhood and account for a large number of consultations in primary care and attendances to the emergency department. The rash is normally seen in areas such as the buttocks, stomach, arms, and legs. There's nothing quite like caressing your baby's soft, delicate skin. Scoring systems that incorporate clinical and epidemiologic features attempt to predict the probability that the illness is caused by GAS. If your child develops scabies, everyone in your. Hives are a common skin reaction in children. Viral exanthem, also known as non-specific viral rash, is a rash caused by a viral infection. Learn about the nature of the causes of your baby viral rash and how to deal with. It is important to differentiate viral arthritis from other causes as early intervention in inflammatory arthritis has been shown to improve long-term outcome. Last year I got hives towards the end of a strep infection. Fifth disease is a moderately contagious viral illness that causes a rash on the skin, but no fever, as with other viral illnesses. However, if your child wakes up with red marks covering his body, or you notice blotches on his face after lunch, you're right to worry—and want answers. Frequently, the reason for a rash can be resolved from its characters and different symptoms. You might have a fever or sore throat before the telltale itchy spots break out all over your body. It is usually caused by an infectious condition such as a virus, and represents either a reaction to a toxin produced by the organism, damage to the skin by the organism, or an immune response. HIVES OVERVIEW "Urticaria" is the medical term for hives. Your child's rash may last from a few days to a month or more. Viruses are present in almost every ecosystem on earth. 17 Sep 2018. Hives (urticaria or nettle rash) are raised, swollen areas on your child's skin that are usually very itchy. Different things cause belly button rash including an infection, allergy reaction, contact dermatitis, diseases, and moisture in and around the navel. Everyone knows about this viral rash. Viral Hives. Hives can also occur due to other causes, including a viral infection. Headache may also be associated with those viral infections that affect the upper respiratory tract, such as the common cold virus, the Rhinovirus. I have a viral rash that keeps spreading and want to know if a viral rash is contagious. It is imperative that you seek proper medical attention to treat the rash, as certain products can further irritate your skin causing your rash to worsen. Dermatological diseases in neonates are commonly benign and self limiting, but they may also herald underlying systemic disease and can be life threatening. Viral infections are the most common cause of sore throats in children and adults [1]. Hives, also known as urticaria, are reddened, itchy welts that may be triggered by exposure to certain foods, medications or other substances. Last year I got hives towards the end of a strep infection. Whereas the prevalence of infections, bacterial, viral, parasitic or fungal, appears not to differ in spontaneous chronic urticaria compared to the general population, there is a very large amount of reports demonstrating benefit after eradication of infectious processes []. Are you up to date on Fifths Disease? Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease? Read on for a run down on what you need to know about common childhood viral rashes. Benadryl is important for the first dose. A viral infection can refer to one of many different conditions. There are some well-known viral rashes. But what you may not know is exactly what that baby rash is, what's causing it or. This Mom’s Viral Post Reveals One Flu Symptom You Need to Stop Overlooking. You may recall having chickenpox as a child. Now lets say “the rash”: la erupción, los granos, las ronchas, el sarpullido. Hi, A little over three weeks ago, my wife had a bad breakout of hives that started just as she was finishing a prescription (10 days worth) of Amoxicillin. Examples are plants, pollen, food or pet. Viral Rash Pictures, Photos, Images, Symptoms, Treatment and Causes. Petersburg is doing some unexpected renovations in the wake of a viral Facebook post. Viruses are present in almost every ecosystem on earth. The problem with hives isn't a matter if whether they're contagious or not. Hives can vary i. Testing or having a clinical evaluation is the only way to know for sure, but this can be costly and time. You don't know you have it until a red, lacy rash appears all over your face, arms, legs and trunk. The viruses may be those that cause diseases like chickenpox, rubella, roseola, measles, fifth disease, and hand-foot-mouth disease. A viral rash is different from the widespread, typical skin rashes which can be observed in patients. Last updated November 21, 2013. Some of these are very serious and others are minor. Doctors give trusted, helpful answers on causes, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment, and more: Dr. Many things that can cause a rash, but viral infections are the most common culprits. She felt very hard, but she did not say half of the tired words to Yin Shixiu. Association of pandemic H1N1 influenza and pityriasis rosea - a case report Some doctors are misdiagnosing that as a viral rash rather than recognizing the secondary expression of syphilis. An exanthem is a widespread rash usually occurring in children. They typically last for a few. Hives occur when the body's capillaries and tiny veins get leaky. Other symptoms include runny nose, sore throat, and fever. Usually, rashes are harmless and will go away on their own. Though some of these infections have local importance (Kyasanur forest disease), others have global impact (Dengue, Yellow fever). Arnold, Victor Nizet, in Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (Fourth Edition), 2012. The rash can also be a standard way to diagnose your babies’ illness. Hand Foot Mouth Disease. Definition (MEDLINEPLUS) Hives are red and sometimes itchy bumps on your skin. Even though cases of skin rash that are caused by anxiety and stress are widespread, not many of them identify or acknowledge stress as the primary cause of stress rash. What is a viral rash? Are viral rashes serious? In summary; Many viral infections can cause a rash in addition to other symptoms. If no organism can be isolated with routine culture and sensitivity assays of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the condition is called aseptic meningitis, and the etiology is likely viral (e. Exanthem is a type of rash that is typically viral in nature and brings out systemic symptoms like malaise, headache and fever. Viral infections are a well-recognised cause of acute arthralgia and arthritis with a large number of causative agents reported. What is a viral rash? The symptoms caused by viral infections can vary depending upon the virus. ICD-9-CM 057. HSV and VZV are responsible for many skin infections. While HIV has not been listed as it usually causes a type of subacute encephalitis, it is important in so far as its associated immunosuppression predisposes the individual to viral encephalitis caused by, for example, HSV-1, HSV-2, VZV, and cytomegalovirus (CMV). • Record date of onset. How long does widespread hives last on a person? Best answer: To the best of my memory,they should last no longer than one week. For example, acute maculopapular rashes in children are usually caused by viral infections, whereas in adults they are usually caused by. Mononucleosis or mono is a viral infection which is accompanied by symptoms like fever, sore throat and swollen lymph glands. What Foods Can Be Eaten When Prepping for the Colonoscopy Test Procedure?. For both viruses, after primary infection, viral particles reside in sensory ganglia and are dormant until they erupt as recurrent herpes simplex virus or shingles (zoster) The two viruses are differentiated by culture (difficult to culture zoster) or immunologic methods. Rash types may be bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic and can be common and mild or uncommon but life-threatening. Viral Infection Headache. 9 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. Medical experts believe that it is an alarming symptom of an underlying infection and should not be ignored. Chickenpox is an acute, infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and is most commonly seen in children under 10 years old. Practically every parent knows babies have very sensitive skin, making them more prone to rashes than adults and older kids. Viral hives are a type of hives that are caused by a viral infection or a fever. If you get arrested in America, it helps to have a lot of Twitter followers. In her post, dated October 27th, Rachael Renn says she. Your little one is itchy, uncomfortable and irritable, and you're worried the rash will spread. Urticaria is an itchy skin rash characterised by wheals (also known as hives). Rashes are primarily an inflammation that changes the texture and color of skin. What is an exanthem?. Testing or having a clinical evaluation is the only way to know for sure, but this can be costly and time. Introduction. A to Z: Viral Exanthem A to Z: Viral Exanthem. They can be tiny or as big as a dinner plate. diagnosis and management of common viral exanthem in children Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Is it a viral rash or hives? Viral rash you just have to wait out, but benadryl will get rid of hives. Various kinds of illnesses lead to common cold and cough, fever, and small red rashes that are sometimes invisible. You get open wounds from scratching your skin, or you have a wound that is red, swollen, or painful. Exposure to the same virus responsible for. In the case of measles, for example, your immune system detects the virus as it travels through your bloodstream. Measles (viral infection). The pictures below are of his arms this morni. Short description: Viral exanthemata NOS. Viral Rash (Child) Your child has been diagnosed with a rash caused by a virus. A viral infection (colds are viral infections) is an infection caused by a virus. In children, exanthems are most commonly linked to an infection, with viral infections being the cause of 72% of rashes in one study. Learn more on how they are diagnosed, symptoms they show as well as the various treatments as well as home remedies. It has many crosswords divided into different worlds and groups. This particular infection may produce intense congestion in the nasal passages, which at times causes a blockage of the sinus drainage passages, and can also cause headaches. A rash is not a specific diagnosis instead it refers to any sort of inflammation and/or discoloration that distorts the skin’s normal appearance. Viruses are the cause of many ailments to the human body. Hives are a very common condition in children. They range from the common to the rare, from the mild to the severe and from those causing just skin infection to those with associated systemic disease. Parvovirus B19 infection is common worldwide, and usually results in mild symptoms. exanthem, unilateral laterothoracic. Rashes are very common in children and babies. An exanthem is a rash or eruption on the skin. Examples are plants, pollen, food or pet. (Hand, foot and mouth disease is different than foot-and-mouth disease, which is an infection of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats and deer and is caused by a different virus. Hives are a common skin reaction in children. Typically they last a few days and do not leave any long-lasting skin changes. Viral hives are usually accompanied by a fever and appear on your skin as raised areas that are surrounded by red halos with very defined edges. Herpes skin rash is rash that occurs during infection caused by herpes viruses. Hives can also occur due to other causes, including a viral infection. Viral rashes are the result of infection rather than an allergic reaction, and unlike an allergic reaction, do not typically cause itching or pain. Comprehensive Information on Dealing with Toddler Viral Rashes and Definition of Viral Rash in Toddlers. She is reasonably well in herself, although her temp is up and down, but she is eating normally. Misusing antibiotics to treat viral infections leads to the problem of antibiotic resistance. Flu like symptoms with rash could be a conventional illness, but you should see the doctor to rule out all kinds of life-threatening problems like severe allergies, Lyme disease and other types of illness. She was kissing the A&E doctor and laughing etc. When an adult gets a non-specific viral rash, it might be caused by a drug reaction. Some of the most common viruses include the influenza virus and cold virus, which infect millions of people annually. You may develop rashes on your skin due to bacterial, fungal, viral or parasitic infections. We took her to the doctor on Monday 10th Jan and he confirmed that it wasn't anything to worry about. — A popular pub in downtown St. Shingles is a viral infection that causes a painful rash. The hives seem to appear as the immune system begins to clear the infection, sometimes one week or more after the illness begins. They range from the common to the rare, from the mild to the severe and from those causing just skin infection to those with associated systemic disease. Immune cells then release chemicals to destroy the virus. Hives in children are no fun for anyone. You don't know you have it until a red, lacy rash appears all over your face, arms, legs and trunk. A strep rash, which is also known as scarlatina, usually occurs when a strep throat condition develops or is present. Frequently, the reason for a rash can be resolved from its characters and different symptoms. Condition Incubation period Prodrome Rash Other Dx features Measles (Rubeola) 9-14 days Fever Cough, Conjunctivitis Rhinitis Maculopapular – face to extremities Koplik spots in mouth Mumps (Parotitis) 12-25 days Pain/swelling in front of/below ear Rubella (German Measles) 14-21 None Maculopapular – rapid spread from head to toe Teratogenic, […]. All the Information on Toddler Viral Rashes. Hives in adults start suddenly and go away quickly, can vary in size, appear anywhere on the body, and can move around on the body throughout the course of the reaction. Guidance on the investigation, diagnosis and management of viral rash illness, or exposure to viral rash illness, in pregnancy 3 Contents About Public Health England 2. Medical images and information for viral hemorrhagic fevers have been excerpted from VisualDx clinical decision support system as a public health service. To find out what is causing. Most commonly an itchy rash after laser resurfacing indicates a yeast infection which can be easily treated with a medication called Diflucan. 1 Vincent Racaniello Viral Pathogenesis This lecture will define and discuss the basic principles of viral pathogenesis, the entire process by which viruses cause disease. The reported incidence almost certainly underestimates the true level, particularly for enteroviral meningitis, the commonest pathogen identified. Plus the rash happens after the fever breaks. It's not uncommon to have rashes with a virus. Immunizations have decreased the number of cases of measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox, but all viral skin infections require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Hives are raised areas of the skin that itch intensely and are red with a pale center (). says it was a rash from the cold/virus like kids get when they're sick. Maintain blondes, whites, silvers, foil highlights or balayage, help neutralize yellow tones in natural grey, white and blonde hair. It is, instead, distorted skin appearance resulted from inflammation and discoloration. There are some well-known viral rashes. Worldwide, parvovirus B19, hepatitis B and C, HIV and the alphaviruses are among the most important causes of virally mediated arthritis. Arnold, Victor Nizet, in Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (Fourth Edition), 2012. Urticaria is a skin rash notable for pale red, raised, itchy wheals, or bumps. Viral and bacterial upper respiratory infections have very similar symptoms. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. They are marked as the most abundant biological entity on this planet. Belly button rash occurs in or around the navel and may cause itching and discomfort. Sears helps you identify different types of rashes and their causes - including viral and environmental, whether it's serious, what the best treatment is for your baby, toddler or child. Often the patches of rash move around. Thank you for your question. Rash types may be bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic and can be common and mild or uncommon but life-threatening. Hives or welts, also known as urticaria, are itchy, raised, reddish areas on the skin. It's flu season. Topic Overview. Angioedema is swelling below the surface of the skin and fatty tissue. The integument can firstly be viewed as a ‘gate’ through which hepatotropic viruses may access the blood stream. Nothing on his tummy, back, feet, hands or face. Parvovirus B19 infection is common worldwide, and usually results in mild symptoms. In fact, one of the symptoms that are common with a wide range of viruses is a viral infection rash. Role of infections in spontaneous chronic urticaria with/without angioedema. Functionally, neonatal skin is predisposed to greater heat and fluid loss as well as drug and toxin. Most instances of post viral rash tend to disappear by themselves without any treatment. homehealth-uk. Condition Incubation period Prodrome Rash Other Dx features Measles (Rubeola) 9-14 days Fever Cough, Conjunctivitis Rhinitis Maculopapular - face to extremities Koplik spots in mouth Mumps (Parotitis) 12-25 days Pain/swelling in front of/below ear Rubella (German Measles) 14-21 None Maculopapular - rapid spread from head to toe Teratogenic, […]. WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms fever, hives and swelling including Viral pharyngitis, Gastroenteritis, and Allergic reaction. It is seen in the form of tiny red spots on some areas of the skin. Headache may also be associated with those viral infections that affect the upper respiratory tract, such as the common cold virus, the Rhinovirus. An exanthem is a rash or eruption on the skin. Hives are common. Roseola is a common childhood viral infection. Grin on post viral hives: A post-viral cough is usually due to bronchospasm and residual airway inflammation. We found some answers as below for this question "How long does a viral infection last",you can compare them. One of the symptoms that may occur is a rash. 9 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. Many common medical conditions can cause a viral skin rash in toddlers. Hives are not contagious and are not spread from person to person. Use the glass test to identify the meningitis rash which does not fade under pressure and is a sign of meningococcal septicaemia. Is it a viral rash or hives? Viral rash you just have to wait out, but benadryl will get rid of hives. Skin disorders affect people of all ages. Viral arthritis is having arthritis due to a pathogenic viral infection. They can be tiny or as big as a dinner plate. CodyCross is an addictive game developed by Fanatee. This year again I was sick and now i am feeling better but getting hives again. Viral rashes are caused by either an immune response to the virus or damage to skin cells from the virus. Viral exanthem is a term describing a viral infection that presents with a rash. Examples are plants, pollen, food or pet. Learning objectives. For both viruses, after primary infection, viral particles reside in sensory ganglia and are dormant until they erupt as recurrent herpes simplex virus or shingles (zoster) The two viruses are differentiated by culture (difficult to culture zoster) or immunologic methods. Cure For Hives. Hives occur when the body's capillaries and tiny veins get leaky. There are other causes of non blanching rashes that aren’t infection in children. You may develop rashes on your skin due to bacterial, fungal, viral or parasitic infections. Viral hives are raised bumps or welts that develop on a person’s body because of a virus. Introduction. Some rashes can also lead to blisters or patches of raw skin. The most common clinical manifestation of dermatologic toxicity is an acneiform, or papulopustular, rash marked by eruptions characterized as "acne-like" pustules with monotonous lesion morphology (FIGURE 1 A). Hand Foot Mouth Disease. Most will run their course in a few days or a couple of. 11,12 Clinical scoring systems are helpful in. More to Know. Hives typically appear as raised, itchy bumps. What is a viral rash? The symptoms caused by viral infections can vary depending upon the virus. Unfortunately, finding the cause of your child's hives is rarely easy; many times, you and your doctor will be unable to identify the exact cause. Persons using assistive technology might not be able to fully access information in this file. SHOULD I KEEP GIVING MY CHILD BENADRYL AS LONG AS THE HIVES ARE VISIBLE? No. On Friday afternoon, September 12, I received a call from my son's daycare provider that he had a fever of 102. Nonspecific viral exanthems. There are many viral skin infections. An exanthem is a rash or eruption on the skin. Viral Rash Baby-Viral rashes also referred to as viral exanthem, are quite common in young children. — A popular pub in downtown St. Hives usually occur after one or two doses. A rash caused by a virus can do minimal damage to the skin or if a body's immune system is weak can wreak havoc. Childhood rashes are very common. Also called: Dermatitis, Skin rash. Some of these are very serious and others are minor. Viral hives is caused by a viral infection. Some of the most common viruses include the influenza virus and cold virus, which infect millions of people annually. This year again I was sick and now i am feeling better but getting hives again. There’s nothing quite like caressing your baby’s soft, delicate skin. Everyone knows about this viral rash. How to Tell a Viral from a Bacterial Infection. About a quarter of the general population can have hives during their life. What is Viral Exanthem? Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Pictures. Indian fire rash refers to a skin infection that is extremely contagious and mostly occurring in children and infants. How Long Does a Viral Rash Last - Skin rashes include changes in the feeling, color or surface of the skin. Hives often appear without warning and may start at any age. How many well known people, for the sake of career, give up the family How many young people have advocates, give up the family for the sake of ideals. Most rashes are caused by common viral infections, and are nothing to be worried about. There is this one my boyfriend is not so casual, like the action of touching the girl s hair like this, he will only do it to me but now. (Hand, foot and mouth disease is different than foot-and-mouth disease, which is an infection of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats and deer and is caused by a different virus. Urticaria - also known as hives, weals, welts or nettle rash - is a raised, itchy rash that appears on the skin. Acute hives is frequently observed in the prodromic stage of hepatitis A as well as hepatitis B. In all age, more serious causes of a neck rash consist of a severe allergy with anaphylaxis (tightening up of the respiratory tracts), bacterial meningitis, and cellulitis, which is an invasive skin infection that can be triggered by streptococcal or staphylococcal bacteria. Fever, Hives and Swelling. Hives are common. Non-prescription (OTC) medicines rarely cause any rashes. My 15 mo gets hives sometimes - not sure from what exactly - and when they flare up we give her antihistamines prescribed by her paediatrician. Get information, videos and facts about Viral Fever on Health-Wiki | Practo. A viral infection can refer to one of many different conditions. It seems to. You may develop rashes on your skin due to bacterial, fungal, viral or parasitic infections. HIVES: Always a real emergency…or not? Other than a true cardiac or respiratory arrest, there are few situations in my business where I interrupt anything and everything to go examine a patient at the door. In children, exanthems are most commonly linked to an infection, with viral infections being the cause of 72% of rashes in one study. • Obtain full clinical history. Does your child have a serious allergy to a certain food or chemical? Is he or she on the verge of a viral infection?. Some are allergic, but most are not. The itching may be mild or severe. It can be contrasted with an enanthem. Different things cause belly button rash including an infection, allergy reaction, contact dermatitis, diseases, and moisture in and around the navel. Hives are an allergic reaction characterized by red raised bumps that range in size. Exanthem is a type of rash that is typically viral in nature and brings out systemic symptoms like malaise, headache and fever. Viral rashes – Measles, chickenpox, and shingles. The pictures below are of his arms this morni. See Dose Table. Read about some skin viral rash in babies. For instance, the eruptive rashes may be caused by bacteria and other infections including scarlet fever, smallpox, staphylococcal infection, meningococcal disease, rickettsial disease, Kawasaki's disease, and mycoplasma pneumonia. You don't know you have it until a red, lacy rash appears all over your face, arms, legs and trunk. Breaking out in hives is the worst: your skin itches all over, you're covered in unsightly red welts, and, as if that weren't bad enough, it's not always clear what might have triggered them. Most people are exposed to them without developing Meningitis. Hives are usually caused by. In a significant number of cases, medical professionals have shown the development of hives and viruses to be linked. Drugs or Medication causing rash. There are many viral skin infections. Often the patches of rash move around. Viral and bacterial upper respiratory infections have very similar symptoms. One of the symptoms that may occur is a rash. Finding the cause of hives, however, can be a challenge. Examples are plants, pollen, food or pet. Read about skin rashes in children. Viral rashes are the result of infection rather than an allergic reaction, and unlike an allergic reaction, do not typically cause itching or pain. Some of these are very serious and others are minor. Roseola infantum, rubella, parvovirus B19 (known as fifth disease), measles and varicella are five pediatric viral exanthems, while Chikungunya and molluscum contagiosum are other notable exanthems seen in adults. These skin problems are often caused by an immune system reaction, signifying an allergy. 9 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. There’s nothing quite like caressing your baby’s soft, delicate skin. Or they used to. You need to ask your GP. Association of pandemic H1N1 influenza and pityriasis rosea - a case report Some doctors are misdiagnosing that as a viral rash rather than recognizing the secondary expression of syphilis. Hives Only on One Part of the Body - What You Should Know: Most are caused by skin contact with an irritant. Fever medicines (acetaminophen and ibuprofen) cause the most needless worry. Learning objectives. This is especially true for hives that have been around for more than six weeks. A petechial rash can be described as tiny, round, brown, or red or purple spots that appear on your skin surface. Various kinds of illnesses lead to common cold and cough, fever, and small red rashes that are sometimes invisible. In simple parlance, a disease. You might have a fever or sore throat before the telltale itchy spots break out all over your body. However, if ever caught in a medical trivia battle this page could come in handy. Immunizations have decreased the number of cases of measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox, but all viral skin infections require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Infections – Infections can cause hives in some people. They can affect children as well as adults and elders. They can show up in different shapes and sizes, but are usually well defined, with a pale, central, raised area surrounded by a red border. After seeing 2 different doctors, I finally went to a dermatologist who took a biopsy of one of the bumps and the results said that it was caused by a virus, and there is nothing to worry about and can last up to five weeks. Viral Rash (Child) Your child has been diagnosed with a rash caused by a virus. They may range in size from as tiny as a pencil tip to as large as a dinner plate. Exanthem is the medical name given to a widespread rash that is usually accompanied by systemic symptoms such as fever, malaise and headache.